The odds are that if you’re a man and you live long enough, you’ll have an enlarged prostate at some point in your life.
The prostate produces the seminal fluid that mixes with the sperm to create semen during ejaculation. Because the prostate surrounds the urethra (the tube that your urine also passes through), it’s swelling causes the tube to be clamped down on, which restricts urine flow.
This can also be one of the pain sites for a painful ejaculation. The reason is; you now have a burst of semen flowing through a restricted tube, that may only be 20% of its normal diameter.
As you can imagine forcing that volume quickly through a tube with that dramatic of a size reduction in a very sensitive area could cause pain.
So What Causes The Prostate To Enlarge?
There are several reasons why the prostate can enlarge, with cancer of course being one of them. We won’t be focusing on cancer here as we have other articles on the site that cover this. Instead we will be addressing other causes for prostate enlargement, so that you may get a more well-rounded understanding.
Decreased Testosterone Levels
I devote an entire chapter in my book “All about the prostate” on the subject of testosterone and its relationship to prostate disease. I cite many independent scientific studies that show that high testosterone levels are actually beneficial and reduce the risk of prostate disease. This is contrary to the consensus in the medical community which believes that testosterone can cause prostate cancer. It is certainly the case that if you have normal levels of testosterone, that in itself will not cause prostate disease.
Low levels of testosterone, below normal low levels, has shown some direct correlation with prostate inflammation in both the cancerous and non cancerous forms.